The Ancient Tribal Kingdom
Situated in northeast Palakkad bordering Silent Valley National Park.The name Attappady was ascribed to this region because till recently the area was grossly inherited with leeches ,the Malayalam name for which is ‘atta’.Paddy is the Malayalam for settlement.The 765 sqkm of area is bounded in the East by Coimbatore,North by Nilgiris,South by Palghat,West by Mannarkkad.The highest peak is Malleshwaram Peak,1664 m,being worshipped by the Adivasis as a giant ‘shiva-ling’ since generations.The area being largely inhabited by the tribes of the Irula, Muduga and Kurumba community,is of great interest to anthropologist.There are about 116 tribal hamlets.Attappady is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.The mountains in this range are some of the oldest geological formations in south western India.There are two main rivers viz., Bhavani and Kunthipuzha.
The geography of attapady
Attappady is an extensive mountain valley at the headwaters of the Bhavani River nestled below the Nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats. It is bordered to the east by Coimbatore district in Tamilnadu, on the north by the Nilgiris, south by the Palghat taluk and on the west by Karimba, Pottassery and Mannarghat revenue villages of Mannarghat taluk of the Palghat District and Ernad taluk of the Malappuram district.
The 249 km² Attappadi Reserve Forest is an informal buffer zone conjoining Silent Valley National Park to the West. 81 km² of this forest was separated to become most of the new 94 km² Bhavani Forest Range which is part of the 147.22 km² Silent Valley Buffer Zone formally approved by the Kerala Cabinet on June 6, 2007. The Cabinet also sanctioned 35 staff to protect the area and two new forest stations in Bhavani range at Anavai and Thudukki. The zone is aimed at checking the illicit cultivation of ganja, poaching and illicit brewing in areas adjacent to Silent Valley National park and help long-term sustainability of the protected area.
The elevation of Attapady valley ranges from 750 meters (2,461 ft) to the Malleswaram peak at [show location on an interactive map] 11°6‘32?N 76°33‘8?E? / ?11.10889°N 76.55222°E? / 11.10889; 76.55222? (Malleswaram peak) which rises to 1,664 meters (5,459 ft) from the center of the valley. The Bhavani River flows from the Northwest around the mountain in a tight bend past Attapadi village and continues to the Southeast.